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… The Fairbanks Gold Rush happened in the early 1900s. On July 22, 1902, Felix Pedro, an Italian prospector, discovered gold north of Fairbanks in Interior Alaska which triggered the beginning of the Fairbanks Gold Rush. Miners and prospectors spread out to pan and sluice for gold and were followed by more miners creating small manual drift mines and draglines to the large floating dredges and lode mines. Soon Fairbanks grew as a major trade supply center on the banks of the Chena River and today it is still considered the gateway to Alaska's Interior, the Last Frontier, Denali, and the Arctic Wilderness.
… We invite you to come visit us here in Fairbanks, where you can also view the artistry of larger than life ice sculptures, go mushing with a dog team, try your hand at gold panning, see the largest public display of gold in the state at the University of Alaska Museum, visit the Pedro Monument, take in the amazing tundra views as you journey on the Alaskan Railroad, view the northern lights and take home with you that enchanting Alaskan gold nugget fine jewelry piece from our store: Alaskan Gold Rush Fine Jewelry, Fairbanks, AK.
…Placer gold is the rarest of gold formations. Formed in quartz deposits, pieces of gold were broken out of exposed quartz-gold veins when erosion took place. After being washed into streams and rivers of America's rugged back country, they were tumbled, pounded and polished by the action of the water, until they stopped and logged into a depression or crevice, waiting throughout the years for man to find them.
…Less than one tenth of 1% of gold recovered is in placer nugget form. All other gold is in hard rock or refined. Placer nuggets have been recovered by various methods, from the simple gold pan, rocker sluice box and bucket dredges to the modern gas powered suction dredges. On the average, it takes the moving of about 80 cubic yards of materials (150 tons) to recover one troy ounce of gold.
…Every year nugget discoveries become rarer. Placer gold, in any quantity, is found in only seven locations through out the world: Alaska, the Western United States, Canada, South America, Central America, Australia, and Russia. Every natural nugget is amazingly close to total purity and runs from .820 fine to as high as .950 fine (21-23 kt.) gold. Like snowflakes, no two nuggets are exactly alike. Each is a unique, one of a kind collector's original, which will increase in value over the years.
- Atomic Symbol: AU Atomic Number: 79
- Atomic Weight: 96.967 Specific Gravity: 19.3
- Melting Point: 1,945 Boiling Point: 5,371 F
- Gold is formed in the earth's crust, generally in quartz veins.
- Gold is very dense. 1.5 times denser than lead, 19.3 times denser than water.
- An ounce of gold can be hammered to a thin sheet about 100 sq. feet, or stretched into a thin wire more than 5 miles long. A thread drawn from one ton of gold would stretch to the moon and back.
- 24 karat gold is pure and is attainable only through processing and refining.
- 10 karat gold is 41.67% pure.
- 14 karat gold is 58% pure.
- 18 karat gold is 75% pure.
- 21-23 karat gold is natural placer gold, 80-95% pure.
- 77% of all gold recovered is by lode mining, and is crushed, processed, and refined.
- 20% of all gold recovered is byproduct of other base metal mining and must also be refined.
- Only 3% of the gold recovered is from natural placer deposits.
- Less than 1/10 of 1% of gold is found in nugget form.
- An average of 80 cubic yards of gravel must be sluiced to find 1 ounce of placer gold.
- A one ounce nugget is as rare a find as a 5 carat diamond.
- Like snowflakes, no two nuggets are alike.
- The largest nugget ever found in Alaska was found near Nome. It weighed 155 ounces, was 7" long, 4" wide, and 2" thick.
- Gold was first discovered in Alaska on the Kenai Peninsula in 1848.
Gold Karat Information Chart
||Percentage of Gold
||10 in 24
||Legal karat limit considered as real gold
||12 in 24
||Not acceptable for jewelry
||14 in 24
||Recommended for fine jewelry
||18 in 24
||Recommended for fine jewelry
||22 in 24
||Very soft, not recommended for jewelry
||24 in 24
||Too soft for jewelry
… At Gold Rush Fine Jewelry, you'll find 18k and 14k yellow gold. 18k gold is composed of 75% gold, and 25% other metals to make it strong enough to withstand every-day wear. Because 14k gold is composed of 58.33% gold, and 41.67% other metals it has more strength than 18k gold, and is generally used for making rings you are going to wear everyday.
… White Gold jewelry is made from 18k white gold or 14k white gold and has a very slight yellow color to it. White gold is commonly Rhodium plated to intensify the white color. Over time, the rhodium plating on a piece of jewelry may wear off and reveal the original metal color. A simple process called re-plating can be done to restore your jewelry's whiteness if it is needed.
… Rose gold has a greater amount of copper in the metal alloy and can actually be found in many different hues of pink. Because copper's natural color is a rich burnished red, adding copper alloy to gold results in a pink color
… The karat value of the gold will affect the pink shade. A higher karat value such as an 18k pink gold alloy will be a lighter pink than a 12k pink gold alloy because there is more yellow gold in the 18k pink gold, which will diminish the effects of the copper.